William S. Clark is not a name which strikes a chord with the American public, let alone all but the most dedicated of 19th century history buffs. In both cases, all parties can be 100% forgiven for their complete lack of knowledge on this somewhat benign figure.
That is, at least in his native country of the United States. The nation of Japan however, lying over 10,000 kilometers away from his native state of Massachusetts, has the man’s work, and above all his words, immortalized in the national consciousness. So who is this Mr. Clark?
Origins Of An Agricultural Educator
William Smith Clark was born in the western Massachusetts town of Ashfield in 1826. Growing up, he pursued an academic life, first by obtaining a degree from nearby Amherst College in 1848, and eventually a doctorate in chemistry from the University of Göttingen, known as the “city of science” in Germany.
Naturally, an academic career in the sciences is what would become Mr. Clark’s mainstay for much of his adult life. After returning to Amherst in 1852, he would serve as a professor of chemistry at his old Alma mater for the next fifteen years. His relatively lengthy tenure would only be briefly interrupted during the Civil War (1861-1865), where he served as a colonel with operational command of the 21st Massachusetts Regiment for about fourteen months.
Most notably, his very own regiment suffered nearly 30% casualties while valiantly fighting during the Battle of Antietam on September 17th, 1862. It was the single bloodiest day in U.S. history, with over 22,000 men on both sides either dead, wounded, or missing before the clock struck midnight.
Following the return to his much more life-affirming civilian career, he became a pivotal figure in the early history and success of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which would eventually be renamed the University of Massachusetts Amherst long after his passing in 1947.
Now fast forwarded to the 1870’s, his extensive experience in science teaching, leadership in a new and innovative college, and commendable war record would attract the attention of a rising nation far far away. Mister Clark had no idea at the time that his decision to work in Japan would set himself up for immortality in that country, as a revered national figure of ambition and encouragement.
The New Land Of The Rising Sun
Japan in the 1870’s was undergoing profound changes which altered society right to it’s core. After the American Commodore Matthew C. Perry finally forced open the country to trade via ‘gunboat diplomacy’ in 1854, the Japanese leadership was convinced that they must wholeheartedly embrace Western technology and customs, or else continuing their policy of “Sakoku” (national isolation) would endanger their sovereignty.
As the Japanese feudal lord Shimazu Nariakira stated in the 1850’s, “if we take the initiative, we can dominate; if we do not, we will be dominated“. And the rest as they say, is history.
Japan would rapidly transform from a feudal society in 1850 into the world’s first non-Western industrial powerhouse by the centuries end. The Yamato people expressed a fundamental determination to succeed and not be subjugated, and their government would take great interest in Mr. Clark’s agricultural work as the years progressed in order to achieve this goal.
During this period of rapid modernization, the Japanese government would take in a considerable number of ‘oyatoi gaikokujin’ (hired foreigners). These were essentially Westerners who were aloud to temporarily reside in Japan and teach a specialized craft or technological skill which was lacking within the nations own borders at the time. It was a very prestigious and once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to be sought out as a hired foreigner, and whatever positions on offer were very highly paid.
In 1876, a now 50 year old William Clark was in the fortunate position to have just the right combination of skills desired in agriculture, along with many years of experience accumulated in his craft, to impress the Japanese government enough to take him on board in the program. He would set sail for the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido that year, which would become his new home-from-home for the next eight months.
Boys, Be Ambitious!
Clark’s offering of knowledge completely transformed the agricultural landscape of Hokkaido and eventually Japan as a whole. He introduced the first American model barnyard to the country, and helped the people of Hokkaido adopt new crops and techniques in fishing and animal husbandry, which would also eventually be taken nationwide. Considering the country has a modern day population of over 120 million, that’s not a bad legacy for the work of a single man is it!
As the months progressed, Mr. Clark was becoming well aware of the tremendous influence he was having upon Hokkaido affairs, writing to his wife back in Massachusetts “I tremble to think how much confidence is reposed in me and what responsibilities I am daily assuming”.
Along with the great work he was doing, William Clark made fantastic rapport with the first students of the Sapporo Agricultural College (now Hokkaido University), which he helped establish soon after arrival in Japan. The same teachings of morality he expressed as an educator in Massachusetts, along with his rhetoric of ambition and personal success, resonated deeply with his pupils who had been born into a rigid feudal caste system just two decades prior.
Eventually, there came the day that would change Japan forever. Mister Clark’s departure on April 16th, 1877 witnessed many of his students and faculty ride with him nearly 20 kilometers outside of Sapporo, a mark of profound respect for their teacher who had imparted so much applicable and philosophical knowledge. After saying his farewells, Clark shouted…
Boys, be ambitious! (Be ambitious not for money or for selfish aggrandizement, not for that evanescent thing which men call fame. Be ambitious for that attainment of all that a man ought to be).
The Legacy And Lessons of William Smith Clark
“Boys, be ambitious!” is now a legendary phrase of goodwill and encouragement in Japan, and elementary schoolbooks across the nation contain Clark’s picture along with a brief story of his life. Eight months of work which had just been normal routine for him at home, along with three parting words to uplift the human spirit, had immortalized this otherwise ordinary gentleman into the consciousness of one of the world’s most prosperous and populous societies.
If William Clark was resurrected for just one day to witness modern Hokkaido, and how his words would be instantly recognizable to untold millions of people, he would be humbled beyond the point of speech.
The lessons to be learned from this story is that being born at just the right place and time in history, along with following lucrative opportunities when they are presented, can make all the difference in how you may impact local communities and be remembered to it’s future generations. So make the smart choice, and have fun doing it.
In the meantime, next time you visit Japan, be sure and drop “Boys, be ambitious!” to any young man you come across who deserves the recognition. Whether it’s a new friend, likable colleague, or even a happy and lively young boy with his family, you are almost guaranteed to get a smile and nod of respect.
Read Next: What Men Can Learn From The Fascinating Destiny Of English Explorer William Adams
34 thoughts on “How William Clark Made An Everlasting Impact On The Japanese Psyche”
That’s good to see proof of a man’s potential impact. I don’t want a legacy, just meaning.
You know, in the wake of the recent stupidity surrounding 100 year old Civil War monuments that suddenly have to be taken down, some upstanding residents of Chicago actually destroyed a bust of Abraham Lincoln.
Google chicago Abraham Lincoln bust.
Apparently he, along with Gandhi, were the biggest slave owners of them all!
Had to get that one off my chest…
Hokkaido is one of the most beautiful parts of Japan and incidentally one of the largest unspoiled natural areas. The people are friendly in the way they are in the US cornbelt and it has some beautiful mountain views and rustic hot spring spas. And Dr. Clark is something of a legend there. https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/380800f75acc80a7f549d0d57b6fa920c5d4754601fb446c3100135a96cd0e33.jpg
It seems more west-friendly (culturally) than Tokyo. I wouldn’t mind settling out around Hakodate one day.
They just better not put Mike Tyson on the dollar bill. They could put him in place of the Susan B Anthony coin but no one will ever replace George. Where this is all going is overboard and will backfire completely. REMOVE ALL IMAGES OF GEORGE?? I don’t think so. The insanity is all hyped up by the media. The busts are a non issue. They think they can burn a few ‘expendable’ far right people and use it for precedent to extend rules for sheeple behaviour. It’s all a shot in the arm of ‘sheeple behaviourizing’ for the people.
Got go there. Ski country right?? Also SNOW MONKEYS too hang out at those hot springs..
Hokkaido is famous for “champagne snow” which is supposed to be the fluffiest and lightest powder on the planet for skiing.
Yes ski country. I never got to go because I went in the summer. I did however get to climb up the side of an active volcano featuring large brown bears. The locals tell you to carry these little tinkling bells…apparently to tell the bears lunch has arrived.
Also the locals don’t see that many gaikokujin. A group of little kids got on one of the buses I took, and every single one of them said “herro” to me.
Remember, one of Obama’s first acts in his presidency was returning the bust of Winston Churchill to the British. Monkey see, monkey do.
Curious is his farming techniques would be regarded as sustainable or if the Japanese would be better off listening to one of their own, Masanobu Fukuoka.
The yield per square meter is much higher with rice than potatoes, hence massive population increase in Asia vs the west. Don’t read anything about that in the article, although I acknowledge his great work.
Hokkaido is different than the rest of Japan as they grow wheat and corn a lot, mostly due to this guy. It’s fairly cold up there which might be why.
I didn’t know that! Thanks for clarifying. Makes sense.
Corn is the more calories/acre and takes less water.
I had never heard of this guy before in all my years of reading history and science.
Edward Deming is another American who had a great input to the development of Japanese manufacturing, but this was after WWII. Too bad American companies did not listen to him.
yep Deming and his emphasis on quality. Why Japanese stuff is so well made usually. Heard this Deming guy is worshipped like a god over there….
The irony of it is, as you allude, Deming went around to American business leaders and offered his message of quality to them first. He was essentially thrown out. He took those principles to Japan where they were widely accepted and the likes of Toyota, Nissan, Honda and Fuji started putting American manufacturing to shame. A prophet is never recognized in his own village…
Slave owner! Take that statue down!
Srs though, why is that Japanese kid in the pic on the far right wearing a surgical mask?
They tend to wear surgical masks when they’re sick. It’s normal.
They’re normally sick?
No. They wear the masks so when they sneeze or cough they won’t spread germs.
How can you tell who’s talking when everyone has surgical masks?
I think that’s the reason anti-fa wears masks isn’t it?
Wow… never heard of this man. Great article . THANK YOU. The Japanese are truly amazing. They were feudal up until the mid 19th century ( say 1850) till the Meji restoration. This emperor saw that Japan was backward and behind the rest of the world i.e. Europeans and the USA. This emperor sent ambassadors to Europe and the USA to “learn” and be a fact finding mission. Wanted to know what made these countries great, strengths, weaknesses etc. Sent folks to the USA, Europe , UK to bring back ideas. For instance studied the military structures under Prussia and Bismarck . After only a few decades the Japs defeated Russia in the Japan vs Russia war ( our Prez Teddy Roosevelt brokered the peace) and a few decades after that the Japs took over most of Asia in WW2. Then after WW2 the Japanese were decimated ( A-bombs etc) but again after a short while they come back and are the economic powerhouse they are today…..
The process of modernization wasn’t exactly that straightforward for the Japanese. At the time the emperor was a mere puppet, with the shogun holding real power.There was actually a period of internal unrest and civil war which lead to the shogun being overthrown and the emperor restored to power.
Interesting story, the Japanese revere a foreigner who helped modernize their nation, and allowed it to stand as an equal against European nations and the USA. The SJWs in America on the other hand love to obsess with the less savory aspects of famous accomplished men of the past. They think George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Abraham Lincoln are all evil white men. However all of them had a positive impact in forming the United States. They might have had values that were different from modern people but they all were able to affect world history.
Good story, of nationalism, international cooperation, and achievement.
Terrific piece of writing.
Very interesting article ! I spent a couple of years working at Hokkaido University, so Mr. Clark was one of the first things to surprise me after moving to the country. I had never heard his full story, and always wondered how this man had come to be known across the country for generations.
It would be nice if positive articles like this one were the norm, rather than the exception in what is often a gloomy news cycle.
I don’t understand the article but Japan is terrific. Very few rowdy third world immigrants.